Common sexually transmitted bacterial organisms may affect the anorectum and perianal skin. While some of these infections are a result of contiguous spread from genital infection, most result from receptive anal intercourse. Polymicrobial infection is common and there is overlap in symptoms caused by the organisms that may infect the anorectum. This article addresses the most common bacterial organisms that are sexually transmitted and affect the anorectum. It includes discussions of gonorrhea, campylobacter, chlamydia, shigella, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, and syphilis. Incidence, mode of transmission, presenting signs and symptoms, diagnostic modalities, and treatment are reviewed.
Unprotected Anal Intercourse and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in High-Risk Heterosexual Women
Anal Chlamydia And Gonorrhea: Surprising STDs You Should Know About | SELF
Unprotected anal sex, regardless of whether it is practiced by straight or gay couples, is considered the riskiest activity for sexually transmitted diseases because of the physical design of the anus: It is narrow, it does not self-lubricate, and the skin is more fragile and likely to tear, allowing STDs such as HIV and hepatitis easy passage into the bloodstream. To make matters worse, the area is an ideal home for STDs. Bacterial infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia love warm, moist environments and the type of cells that line the anus. While unprotected anal sex is much more risky for the receptive partner, the insertive partner is not free from risk. And both partners are susceptible to picking up herpes, syphilis, and HPV even if they use a condom, because sores and warts can reside both inside and outside the anus. In the case of herpes, transmission can occur even in the absence of any genital lesions. How to reduce risk Wearing a condom is the best way to reduce the risk of STD transmission.
Anal Sex and HIV Risk
Anal sex is the practice of inserting the penis, fingers, or a foreign object such as a vibrator into the anus for sexual pleasure. With the appropriate precautions, anal sex is mostly safe. However, there are different potential risks that may not be present in vaginal or oral sex. For example, the anus cannot naturally lubricate itself to reduce discomfort and friction-related concerns, such as skin injuries.
Anal chlamydia and gonorrhea are here to debunk the common myth that when sexually transmitted diseases strike, your vagina will let you know. Here, a quick primer on what to look for, plus some essential tips on how to stay safe. One STD that can present anally is herpes , an extremely common infection caused by either the herpes simplex 1 or herpes simplex 2 virus.